Here are some common questions answered on what individuals can do to stay safe:

Why vaccination is not provided to children who are usual target?

COVID-19 affects all age groups; however, morbidity & mortality is several times higher in adults particularly in those above the age of 50 years. Children have either asymptomatic or mild infection. The general practice is to first evaluate any new vaccine in older population and then age reduction is done to assess the safety and effectiveness in paediatric population. The currently available vaccines have not been evaluated in children so far. There are some clinical trials now underway to test the effectiveness and safety of the COVID-19 vaccines in children.

How long I will remain protected after vaccination?

Longevity of the immune response in vaccinated individuals is yet to be determined. Hence, continuing the use of masks, handwashing, physical distancing and other COVID-19 appropriate behaviours is strongly recommended.

What are the common side-effects you might experience after getting COVID-19 vaccine?

Some common side-effects of the COVID-19 vaccine are: headache, pain or swelling in the injection site, mild fever and irritability. Side-effects should go away in few days.

Do I need to use the mask & other COVID-19 appropriate precautions after receiving the vaccine?

Yes, it is absolutely necessary that everyone who has received the COVID-19 vaccine should continue to follow the COVID-19 appropriate behaviour like wearing a mask, maintaining social distancing and hand sanitization to protect themselves and those around from spreading the infection.

Are all COVID-19 patients eligible for home isolation?

No. Only patients who have mild COVID-19 or are asymptomatic are allowed. Such patients also need to be clinically assigned as mild/ asymptomatic case by the treating Medical Officer.

Who is not allowed for home isolation in COVID-19 case?

Elderly patients aged above 60 years and those with co-morbid conditions such as Hypertension, Diabetes, Heart disease, Chronic lung/liver/ kidney disease, Cerebro-vascular disease along with patients suffering from immune compromised disease like HIV, Transplant recipients, Cancer therapy to name a few.

When to seek medical attention?

Patient / Care giver will keep monitoring their health. Immediate medical attention must be sought if serious signs or symptoms develop. These could include:

- Difficulty in breathing,

- Dip in oxygen saturation (SpO2 < 94% on room air)

- Persistent pain/pressure in the chest,

- Mental confusion or inability to arouse

Source: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW)